Systematic name M16626
Brief description Regulation of ck1/cdk5 by type 1 glutamate receptors
Full description or abstract Cdk5 is a cyclin dependent protein kinase involved in dopaminergic signaling in the neostriatal region of the brain. The role of cdk5 in dopamine responses occurs through phosphorylation of DARPP-32. Caseine kinase 1 (CK1) also regulates DARPP-32 phosphorylation and dopamine signaling. The phosphorylation of DARPP-32 by cdk5 reduced dopamine signaling. Depending on its phosphorylation state, DARPP-32 inhibits either protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) or PKA. The role of mGLUR1 in this process is supported by the induction of cdk5 and CK1 activity by the mGLUR1 agonist DHPG and the subsequent phosphorylation of DARPP-32 associated with DHPG treatment of nigrostriatal neurons. CK-1 and Ckd5 inhibitors block the DHPG induced DARPP-32 phosphorylation. Dopamine exerts a positive signal that increases dopamine response by reversing phosphorylation of DARPP-32 at threonine-75. Dopamine initiates this pathway through activation of the D1 dopamine receptor, a Gs coupled GPCR, elevating cAMP and activating PKA. PKA activates protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) which dephosphorylates DARPP-32 and increases dopamine responsiveness. This also removes the inhibition of PKA by DARPP-32, forming a positive feedback loop for further DARPP-32 inactivation by PKA. Activation of the D2 dopamine receptor has the opposite effect, shifting the DARPP-32 population toward the threonine-75 phosphorylated form.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CP:BIOCARTA: BioCarta gene sets
Source publication  
Exact source  
Related gene sets  
External links
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by BioCarta
Source platform EntrezGeneIds
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | text | gmt | gmx | xml
Compute overlaps (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 17 genes
Gene families Categorize these 17 genes by gene family
Show members (show 17 members mapped to 17 genes)
Version history  

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.