Gene Set: CAFFAREL_RESPONSE_TO_THC_24HR_3_UP

Standard name CAFFAREL_RESPONSE_TO_THC_24HR_3_UP
Systematic name M7465
Brief description Genes up-regulated in EVSA-T cells (breast cancer) after treatment with 3 micromolar THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) [PubChem=6610319] for 24 h.
Full description or abstract It has been recently shown that cannabinoids, the active components of marijuana and their derivatives, inhibit cell cycle progression of human breast cancer cells. Here we studied the mechanism of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) antiproliferative action in these cells, and show that it involves the modulation of JunD, a member of the AP-1 transcription factor family. THC activates JunD both by upregulating gene expression and by translocating the protein to the nuclear compartment, and these events are accompanied by a decrease in cell proliferation. Of interest, neither JunD activation nor proliferation inhibition was observed in human non-tumour mammary epithelial cells exposed to THC. We confirmed the importance of JunD in THC action by RNA interference and genetic ablation. Thus, in both JunD-silenced human breast cancer cells and JunD knockout mice-derived immortalized fibroblasts, the antiproliferative effect exerted by THC was significantly diminished. Gene array and siRNA experiments support that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 and the tumour suppressor gene testin are candidate JunD targets in cannabinoid action. In addition, our data suggest that the stress-regulated protein p8 participates in THC antiproliferative action in a JunD-independent manner. In summary, this is the first report showing not only that cannabinoids regulate JunD but, more generally, that JunD activation reduces the proliferation of cancer cells, which points to a new target to inhibit breast cancer progression.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18454173   Authors: Caffarel MM,Moreno-Bueno G,Cerutti C,Palacios J,Guzman M,Mechta-Grigoriou F,Sanchez C
Exact source Table 6S
Related gene sets (show 9 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 18 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (Broad Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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