Gene Set: CHAUHAN_RESPONSE_TO_METHOXYESTRADIOL_UP

Standard name CHAUHAN_RESPONSE_TO_METHOXYESTRADIOL_UP
Systematic name M6562
Brief description Genes up-regulated by 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) [PubChem=1573] in the MM.1S cell line (multiple myeloma) sensitive to dexamethasone [PubChem=5743].
Full description or abstract Our previous study demonstrated that 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2), an estrogen derivative, induces apoptosis in multiple myeloma (MM) cells; however, the related transcriptional events are unclear. In the present study, we used oligonucleotide microarrays to identify genes altered during 2ME2-induced apoptosis in MM cells. 2ME2 triggers an early transient induction of genes known to trigger cell death and repression of growth/survival-related genes. Many genes regulating cell defense/repair machinery also were transiently induced. Since 2ME2 also induces apoptosis in MM cells resistant to conventional therapies such as dexamethasone (Dex), we compared the gene profiles of 2ME2-treated and Dex-resistant MM cells. Our results suggest that 2ME2 overcomes Dex resistance by modulating genes that confer chemoresistance in MM cells. Microarray results were confirmed by Northern and Western blot analyses. A comparative analysis of selected genes from freshly isolated MM patient cells and 2ME2-treated MM.1S MM cells further provides an in vivo relevance of our in vitro studies. Collectively, these findings suggest genetic events mediating anti-MM activity of 2ME2, as well as mechanisms whereby 2ME2 overcomes Dex resistance in MM cells. These studies may therefore allow improved therapeutic use of 2ME2, based upon targeting genes that regulate MM cell growth and survival.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 12480690   Authors: Chauhan D,Li G,Auclair D,Hideshima T,Richardson P,Podar K,Mitsiades N,Mitsiades C,Li C,Kim RS,Munshi N,Chen LB,Wong W,Anderson KC
Exact source Suppl. file: 2me2 compare result, up
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (Broad Institute)
Source platform HG_U95A
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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