Systematic name M4455
Brief description RB1 [GeneID=5925] target genes involved in cell cycle regulation: genes down-regulated by doxorubicin [PubChem=31703] only in cells expressing RB1.
Full description or abstract As alterations in retinoblastoma (RB)/E2F pathway are commonly found in human cancers, the molecular mechanism underlying cell cycle deregulation caused by the mutations in the RB/E2F pathway needs to be investigated extensively. Compared with good understanding of RB/E2F functions in G1-S cell cycle progression, it is not fully understood how an abrogated RB pathway affects the G2-M phase of the cell cycle. Here, we report that disruption of RB accelerated G2-M progression in the presence of DNA damage by elevating the expression of a set of mitotic regulatory genes. We generated RB(+)- and (-)-matched cells using short hairpin RNA. In the RB(-) cells, the G2/M checkpoint mediated by a DNA-damaging agent was over-ridden. With microarray analysis, we found that the expression of key G2-M regulatory genes was upregulated in RB(-) cells. In particular, we demonstrated that the proto-oncogene ECT2 was directly regulated by E2Fs. Furthermore, suppression of ECT2 expression by small interfering RNA in RB(-) cells resulted in cytokinesis arrest, suggesting that RB(-) cells lack the regulation of E2F-mediated cytokinesis. These results indicate that aberrant ECT2 expression, observed in various human tumors, could be the direct result of RB/E2F pathway deficiency, thereby contributing to cell division in cancers.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16862181   Authors: Eguchi T,Takaki T,Itadani H,Kotani H
Exact source Table 1
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Leona Saunders (Broad Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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