Gene Set: GO_RIBOSOME

Standard name GO_RIBOSOME
Systematic name M17089
Brief description An intracellular organelle, about 200 A in diameter, consisting of RNA and protein. It is the site of protein biosynthesis resulting from translation of messenger RNA (mRNA). It consists of two subunits, one large and one small, each containing only protein and RNA. Both the ribosome and its subunits are characterized by their sedimentation coefficients, expressed in Svedberg units (symbol: S). Hence, the prokaryotic ribosome (70S) comprises a large (50S) subunit and a small (30S) subunit, while the eukaryotic ribosome (80S) comprises a large (60S) subunit and a small (40S) subunit. Two sites on the ribosomal large subunit are involved in translation, namely the aminoacyl site (A site) and peptidyl site (P site). Ribosomes from prokaryotes, eukaryotes, mitochondria, and chloroplasts have characteristically distinct ribosomal proteins.
Full description or abstract  
Collection C5: GO gene sets
      CC: GO cellular component
Source publication  
Exact source GO:0005840
Related gene sets  
External links http://amigo.geneontology.org/amigo/term/GO:0005840
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Gene Ontology (Gene Ontology Consortium)
Source platform EntrezGeneIds
Dataset references  
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 5.2: First introduced

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