Gene Set: KEGG_COLORECTAL_CANCER

Standard name KEGG_COLORECTAL_CANCER
Systematic name M14631
Brief description Colorectal cancer
Full description or abstract Classically, colorectal cancer (CRC) has been believed to develop from normal mucosa through the premalignant adenoma by the step-wise accumulation of mutations. All CRC display either microsatellite instability (MSI) or chromosome instability (CIN). MSI occurs in 15% of colon cancers and results from inactivation of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system by either MMR gene mutations or hypermethylation of the MLH1 promoter. MSI promotes tumorigenesis through generating mutations in target genes that possess coding microsatellite repeats, such as beta-catenin, TGFBR2 and BAX. CIN is found in the majority of colon cancers and leads to a different pattern of gene alterations that contribute to tumor formation. Genes involved in CIN are those coding for APC, K-ras, SMAD4 and p53.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CP:KEGG: KEGG gene sets
Source publication  
Exact source hsa05210
Related gene sets  
External links http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa05210.html
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes)
Source platform EntrezGeneIds
Dataset references  
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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