Gene Set: KYNG_DNA_DAMAGE_DN

Standard name KYNG_DNA_DAMAGE_DN
Systematic name M11350
Brief description Genes with GO annotation and down-regulated after DNA damage in cell lines from young donors.
Full description or abstract The accumulation of DNA damage and mutations is considered a major cause of cancer and aging. While it is known that DNA damage can affect changes in gene expression, transcriptional regulation after DNA damage is poorly understood. We characterized the expression of 6912 genes in human primary fibroblasts after exposure to three different kinds of cellular stress that introduces DNA damage: 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO), gamma-irradiation, or UV-irradiation. Each type of stress elicited damage specific gene expression changes of up to 10-fold. A total of 85 genes had similar changes in expression of 3-40-fold after all three kinds of stress. We examined transcription in cells from young and old individuals and from patients with Werner syndrome (WS), a segmental progeroid condition with a high incidence of cancer, and found various age-associated transcriptional changes depending upon the type of cellular stress. Compared to young individuals, both WS and old individuals had similarly aberrant transcriptional responses to gamma- and UV-irradiation, suggesting a role for Werner protein in stress-induced gene expression. Our results suggest that aberrant DNA damage-induced gene regulation may contribute to the aging process and the premature aging in WS.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 15897889   Authors: Kyng KJ,May A,Stevnsner T,Becker KG,Kølvrå S,Bohr VA
Exact source Suppl. Info 5: Table 1S_AL
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (Broad Institute)
Source platform SEQ_ACCESSION
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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