Standard name LIU_IL13_MEMORY_MODEL_UP
Systematic name M2474
Brief description Genes up-regulated in BEAS-2B cells (bronchial epithelium) stimulated with IL13 [GeneID=3596] on days 1 to 3 and then rested for the next 3 days (repeated-stimulation or memory model)
Full description or abstract Our objective was to establish an experimental model of a self-sustained and bistable extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling process. A single stimulation of cells with cytokines causes rapid ERK1/2 activation, which returns to baseline in 4 h. Repeated stimulation leads to sustained activation of ERK1/2 but not Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), p38, or STAT6. The ERK1/2 activation lasts for 3 to 7 days and depends upon a positive-feedback mechanism involving Sprouty 2. Overexpression of Sprouty 2 induces, and its genetic deletion abrogates, ERK1/2 bistability. Sprouty 2 directly activates Fyn kinase, which then induces ERK1/2 activation. A genome-wide microarray analysis shows that the bistable phospho-ERK1/2 (pERK1/2) does not induce a high level of gene transcription. This is due to its nuclear exclusion and compartmentalization to Rab5+ endosomes. Cells with sustained endosomal pERK1/2 manifest resistance against growth factor withdrawal-induced cell death. They are primed for heightened cytokine production. Epithelial cells from cases of human asthma and from a mouse model of chronic asthma manifest increased pERK1/2, which is associated with Rab5+ endosomes. The increase in pERK1/2 was associated with a simultaneous increase in Sprouty 2 expression in these tissues. Thus, we have developed a cellular model of sustained ERK1/2 activation, which may provide a mechanistic understanding of self-sustained biological processes in chronic illnesses such as asthma.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 20123980   Authors: Liu W,Tundwal K,Liang Q,Goplen N,Rozario S,Quayum N,Gorska M,Wenzel S,Balzar S,Alam R
Exact source Table 2: Genes upregulated in the repeatedstimulationmodel
Related gene sets (show 2 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 4 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (Broad Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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