Gene Set: SINGH_NFE2L2_TARGETS

Standard name SINGH_NFE2L2_TARGETS
Systematic name M2662
Brief description Selected electrophile and drug detoxication genes down-regulated in A549 and H460 cells (lung cancer) upon knockdown of NFE2L2 [GeneID=4780] by RNAi.
Full description or abstract Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a redox-sensitive transcription factor that regulates the expression of electrophile and xenobiotic detoxification enzymes and efflux proteins, which confer cytoprotection against oxidative stress and apoptosis in normal cells. Loss of function mutations in the Nrf2 inhibitor, Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (Keap1), results in constitutive activation of Nrf2 function in non-small cell lung cancer. In this study, we show that constitutive activation of Nrf2 in lung cancer cells promotes tumorigenicity and contributes to chemoresistance by up-regulation of glutathione, thioredoxin, and the drug efflux pathways involved in detoxification of electrophiles and broad spectrum of drugs. RNAi-mediated reduction of Nrf2 expression in lung cancer cells induces generation of reactive oxygen species, suppresses tumor growth, and results in increased sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drug-induced cell death in vitro and in vivo. Inhibiting Nrf2 expression using naked siRNA duplexes in combination with carboplatin significantly inhibits tumor growth in a subcutaneous model of lung cancer. Thus, targeting Nrf2 activity in lung cancers, particularly those with Keap1 mutations, could be a promising strategy to inhibit tumor growth and circumvent chemoresistance.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18829555   Authors: Singh A,Boldin-Adamsky S,Thimmulappa RK,Rath SK,Ashush H,Coulter J,Blackford A,Goodman SN,Bunz F,Watson WH,Gabrielson E,Feinstein E,Biswal S
Exact source Table 1
Related gene sets (show 10 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (Broad Institute)
Source platform SEQ_ACCESSION
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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