Gene Set: WENDT_COHESIN_TARGETS_UP

Standard name WENDT_COHESIN_TARGETS_UP
Systematic name M10024
Brief description Cohesin targets identified by ChIP-chip which were up-regulated after knockdown of CTCF and RAD21 [GeneID=10664;5885] by RNAi.
Full description or abstract Cohesin complexes mediate sister-chromatid cohesion in dividing cells but may also contribute to gene regulation in postmitotic cells. How cohesin regulates gene expression is not known. Here we describe cohesin-binding sites in the human genome and show that most of these are associated with the CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF), a zinc-finger protein required for transcriptional insulation. CTCF is dispensable for cohesin loading onto DNA, but is needed to enrich cohesin at specific binding sites. Cohesin enables CTCF to insulate promoters from distant enhancers and controls transcription at the H19/IGF2 (insulin-like growth factor 2) locus. This role of cohesin seems to be independent of its role in cohesion. We propose that cohesin functions as a transcriptional insulator, and speculate that subtle deficiencies in this function contribute to 'cohesinopathies' such as Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18235444   Authors: Wendt KS,Yoshida K,Itoh T,Bando M,Koch B,Schirghuber E,Tsutsumi S,Nagae G,Ishihara K,Mishiro T,Yahata K,Imamoto F,Aburatani H,Nakao M,Imamoto N,Maeshima K,Shirahige K,Peters JM
Exact source Table 4S
Related gene sets (show 26 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (Broad Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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