Gene Set: WHITFIELD_CELL_CYCLE_G1_S

Standard name WHITFIELD_CELL_CYCLE_G1_S
Systematic name M2074
Brief description Genes periodically expressed in synchronized HeLa cells (cervical carcinoma), with peak during the G1/S phase of cell cycle.
Full description or abstract The genome-wide program of gene expression during the cell division cycle in a human cancer cell line (HeLa) was characterized using cDNA microarrays. Transcripts of >850 genes showed periodic variation during the cell cycle. Hierarchical clustering of the expression patterns revealed coexpressed groups of previously well-characterized genes involved in essential cell cycle processes such as DNA replication, chromosome segregation, and cell adhesion along with genes of uncharacterized function. Most of the genes whose expression had previously been reported to correlate with the proliferative state of tumors were found herein also to be periodically expressed during the HeLa cell cycle. However, some of the genes periodically expressed in the HeLa cell cycle do not have a consistent correlation with tumor proliferation. Cell cycle-regulated transcripts of genes involved in fundamental processes such as DNA replication and chromosome segregation seem to be more highly expressed in proliferative tumors simply because they contain more cycling cells. The data in this report provide a comprehensive catalog of cell cycle regulated genes that can serve as a starting point for functional discovery. The full dataset is available at http://genome-www.stanford.edu/Human-CellCycle/HeLa/.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 12058064   Authors: Whitfield ML,Sherlock G,Saldanha AJ,Murray JI,Ball CA,Alexander KE,Matese JC,Perou CM,Hurt MM,Brown PO,Botstein D
Exact source Suppl. File CellCycleGeneList_1134.txt, Annotation=G1/S
Related gene sets (show 5 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 33 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (Broad Institute)
Source platform SEQ_ACCESSION
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Compendia expression profiles Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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